divendres, 20 de setembre de 2019

8 Areas where Linux is BETTER than Windows 10



Recently, I published a video titled "Is Linux too hard to use ?". After a fair number of views and comments, I got the impression that while Linux has some drawbacks, it also does a lot of things better than Windows, so here is a recap of what I think Linux is better at than Windows.

1- Updates
On Linux, everything is updated from your App Center, Software Center, or package manager, whatever it is called on your distribution. On Windows, system updates and application updates are separated between Windows Update and the windows store. Applications installed from outside of the windows store have their own update mechanism. It really is easier to manage every app, whether it's a package, a flatpak, a snap or a system component from the exact same interface.

2 - Everything is in the package manager 
Every available software is in your distribution's package manager or software center. Windows's store is woefully understocked, often lacking the good quality options you can find directly from the developer's website. This means that some apps you can install from the Store, some you'll have to browse for, or use a third party app to manage. On Linux, if some applications are not in your default repositories, you can simply add a repo to your package manager. Distros based on Arch are even better stocked, with the AUR that has virtually every piece of software you'd ever want to run.

3 - Security 
Windows is the most used OS, and as such, is the most targeted by malware, viruses, ransomwares, and such. Its architecture is less secure, and its installation methods are prone to getting an infected computer. Linux has less market share on the desktop, and is a much smaller target, so it simply doesn't get many viruses or malware. Linux is, however, the most used server OS, and is largely hailed as a very secure option. Its architecture is also safer by default, requiring a root password to install programs. In the end, it's way easier to keep a system safe and secure on Linux.

4 - Privacy 
No Linux distro collects any personal information by default. Sure, you have some distros asking you for telemetry data, but nothing personal is being shared, only some computer specs. In comparison, Windows 10 has a bunch of screens right at the start of the configuration of a new PC, that ask the user to select what they want or don't want collected, with some screens not even giving the option to opt out completely of data collection. So, in the end, no need to go fiddle with the settings to disable every checkbox the OS has activated for you, on Linux, this collection doesn't exist.

5- Disk space 
By default, a Linux install uses less than 10Gb for most distros. A default Win10 install uses about 15gb, and can grow to enormous sizes since after every update, a "windows.old" folder is kept, basically keeping the previous version of most system files. Linux makes it easy to manage disk space usage by leaving your storage available for what you really need it for: programs, files, games, or whatever else you want to store.

6 - Customization 
Welcome to the wonderful world of themes, extensions, and even desktop environments. On Linux, you can pretty much change anything you like, from the panels, the icons, the theme, and even the behavior of the windows, the position of the window controls, and much much more. On Windows 10 ? You can change the color and use a dark theme. Want to go beyond that ? Good luck using third party, potentially insecure apps that might break your system after each update.

7 - Consistency and user experience
Linux as a whole, and most desktop environments offer a coherent, cohesive way to do things. The apps from a given desktop environment look the same, behave the same, there are no duplicates, and everything is pretty simple by default. Compare this to Windows 10, where users are faced with windows 98 interfaces, mixed with some Windows 7 experiences, and some newer "fluent" Windows 10 applications. Settings are duplicated between a newer settings app that doesn't have everything, and a control panel that is getting increasingly irrelevant. Title bars don't always look the same.

8 - Out of the box experience 
Sure, you have to install Linux on your computer. But once you installed it, it's pretty much a complete experience, with everything you need. No need to spend time removing crapware, or some manufacturer's terrible software. On a pre installed windows computer, you can spend hours uninstalling obtuse software you never asked for, sometimes making itself very hard to remove, and even pure windows 10 ships with ads and bloatware installed.

Vídeo de 2019 de 6.51 minuts de duració
Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEnJcB03Bb4

dijous, 19 de setembre de 2019

Uso de GnuPG en Linux




Gairebé totes les distros Linux ja porten PGP instal·lat.

Lloc de descarrega:: https://gnupg.org/download/
Obrim terminal:
gpg -- gen-key
Ens fa unes preguntes i responem, per exemple:
RSA
size: 2048
valid 0 (no expira)
y
User Id:
Email address:
Enter passphrase:

Obrim una altra finestra per generar números aleatoris:
$ find -name core
$ ls -lnR

Un cop acabada, generem clau
gpg -- gen-key
elegimos (1) RSA
size: 2048
valid 0 (no expira)
y
User Id:
Email address:
Enter passphrase:

En otra ventana
$ find -name core
$ ls -lnR

Un cop acabada
gpg --export -a email@domini

Copiar el resultat
-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
i acaba en
-----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----


Podem saber el procés complet a:  https://gnupg.org/howtos/ca/GPGMiniHowto.txt

Vídeo de 2014 de 14.45 minuts
Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4ohJj70-OY

dimecres, 18 de setembre de 2019

Encriptando con gpg4win. OpenPGP. GnuPG.




Ejemplo de encriptación y firma digital de mensajes y ficheros utilizando el estándar OpenPGP, mediante el programa GnuPG en Windows, a través del completo paquete gpg4win.

Descarregar GPG4Win de: https://gpg4win.org/
Video de 2016 de 17.20 minuts de duració.
Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gy8UH1xl02g

dimarts, 17 de setembre de 2019

Creating a Website with Bootstrap Studio (Tutorial)




In this video you'll learn how to build a real website with Bootstrap Studio. We will start from a blank page and build the layout, use the responsive grid, write CSS and we'll even make a simple gallery with a lightbox.

Get Bootstrap Studio at https://bootstrapstudio.io
The image assets that we used: http://bootstrapstudio.io/forums/medi...
The resulting bsdesign file: http://bootstrapstudio.io/forums/medi...
Enllaç: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10SwsoYNkVc

Video de 2016 de 27.18 minuts de duració
Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10SwsoYNkVc

dilluns, 16 de setembre de 2019

Guía Definitiva Instalar Cualquier Linux - Particiones Bien Explicado




Recomanacions

Partició Tipus Posició Extensió Punt de muntatge
swap primària inici 2 x RAM
boot primària inici 200 a 500MB /boot
root primària inici de 9GB a 20GB / (recomended cyphered)
home primària inici resta /home

Video de maig de 2019 de 38.32 minuts de duració.
Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Y2jFAR1EMg
Veure també: http://moltsbits.blogspot.com/2019/09/explicacion-de-las-particiones-de-linux.html

diumenge, 15 de setembre de 2019

Despues de instalar ubuntustudio 16.04 parte 2



Después de la instalación, primeros pasos y actualización:

sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get upgrade 
sudo apt-get autoremove

Video de de minuts de duració.
Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FH0CgG4uck